Ярослав Владимирович Пилипчук
Национальный педагогический университет имени М.П.Драгоманова
ГРУЗИНСКАЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОСТЬ В РАННЕМ СРЕДНЕВЕКОВЬЕ
Ключевые слова: Картли, Тао-Кларджети, Кахетия, Эретия, Багратиони, Аревманели, Кюрикяны
Georgian Statehood in the Early Middle Ages
This paper is devoted to history of Eastern ad Soutthern-Western Georgia in the Early Middle Ages. Kartvelian statehood was quickly restored after a short reign of Persian marzpans. In the era of Arab dominance, Kartli was under the strongest pressure from the Arabs. On the territory of Kartli, the Tbilisi Emirate was formed, which was an important center of Muslim statehood in Georgia in the 9th -12th centuries. The rest of Kartli became an object of rivalry between the Abkhazian kingdom, Tao-Klarjeti and Kakheti. The decisive role in the history of Georgia was played by the Tao-Klarjeti Kurapalate from the Bagrationi dynasty for a long time in the 9th-10th centuries. The apogee of their power, they reached during the Kurropalat David III the Great. With his assistance, the Bagrationi dynasty ascended the Abkhaz throne. Among the East Georgian rulers the leading role was played by the Kakheti kingdom. It became the main rival of the Abkhazian kingdom under Tsar Kvirik III of the Arevmaneli dynasty. Under him, Kakheti subdued Eretia. Under the Kyurikean dynasty, Kakheti continued to oppose the Abkhazian Bagrationi. David IV was able to subjugate Kakheti оnly in 1104. Regarding Eretia, this kingdom was inhabited by the Dagestan-speaking population, which felt Georgian and Armenian influences.
Key words: Kartli, Tao-Klargeti, Kakheti, Eretia, Bagrationi, Arevmaneli, Kurikeans
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