Джамиля Яшар гызы Рустамова
Бакинский государственный университет
доктор исторических наук 


Ключевые слова: Первая Мировая война, военнопленные, остров Наргин, беженцы, условия содержания, голод, благотворительность

Life conditions of Turkish prisoners on nargin island during the first world war
The article is dedicated to the matter of Turkish prisoners on the Nargin Island in the Caspian Sea during the First World War. According to approximate computations, there were about 50-60 thousand people of Turkish captives in Russia. Some of them were sent to Baku because of the close location to the Caucasus Front and from there they were sent to the Nargin Island in the Caspian Sea. As time showed it was not the right choise. The Island had no decent conditions for living and turned the life of prisoners into the hell camp. Hastily built barracks contravene meet elementary standards, were poorly heated and by the end of the war they were not heated at all, water supply was unsatisfactory, sometimes water was not brought to the prisoner's several days. Bread was given in 100 grams per person per day, and then this rate redused by half. Knowing the plight of the prisoners, many citizens of Baku as well as the Baku Muslim Charitable Society and other charitable societies provided moral and material support to prisoners, they often went to the camp, brought food, clothes, medicines 
Key words: World War I, prisoners of war, Nargin Island, refugees, incarceration conditions, starvation, charity

MƏQALƏNİ YÜKLƏ [159.5 Kb] (yüklənib: 11)

Bakış: 52
© Jurnalda çap olunan materiallardan istifadə edərkən istinad mütləqdi.
Adres: Az 1073, Bakü şehri, Yasamal ilçesi,
              Metbuat caddesi 529.cu mahalle “Azerbaycan” Basın Evi 6.kat
Тел.:    (+994 12) 510 63 99
Моб.: (+994 50) 209 59 68
           (+994 55) 209 59 68
E-mail: elmmerkezi@gmail.com